Thai elections: People want a fair vote and 'real PM', but will they get them?

7 January 2019 / Karim Raslan

Sopa Trontong, 34, is an immaculately dressed Chiang Mai academic turned financial adviser. Calm, professional and with little interest in politics, she is caught off guard when I ask her how fair the upcoming Thai elections will be.

Sopa’s highly manicured exterior – she has a predilection for grey, silver and taupe – conceals a complex personal history. Born in Mae Rim, just outside the northern capital, to a family of struggling rice farmers, her parents were forced to leave her with her grandmother while they worked to make ends meet.

Still, she recalls the Thaksin Shinawatra era from 2001 to 2006 as a period of unparalleled prosperity.

“My parents became financially stable and they started up a side business as middlemen, selling agricultural tools, fertiliser and pesticide.”

Understandably, her father remains a huge Thaksin Shinawatra fan. However, she is far more objective in her assessment of the former premier and Chiang Mai native, adding quite simply: “My father and I can no longer talk about politics.”

In many ways, Sopa reveals her increasingly middle-class leanings as she explains her unhappiness with the red and yellow shirt conflict of the post-Thaksin Shinawatra era. In fact, she was very much a supporter of General Prayuth Chan-ocha’s 2014 coup because of the stability that the military brought to the 69 million-strong Kingdom.

But now, as Thailand languishes with anaemic growth, expected at 4.1 per cent for 2018, Sopa shakes her head: “The country needs a ‘real’ prime minister, maybe even a businessman to guide us through these challenges.”

As a financial adviser for the past four years, she has been dealing with small business owners, many of whom have had to close down amid the straitened times.

“The poor economy has a deep impact on city dwellers,” she says. “You see – farmers are generally self-sufficient. The younger generation really feels this shift. Its massive.”

Even tourism, the great Thai mainstay, has been hit – the number of Chinese visitors is falling, with a 12 per cent decrease in August alone. This was due in part to a recent ferry disaster off Phuket in which some forty-seven passengers, most whom were Chinese, died.

Amid all the negative news, the details of the upcoming election, currently scheduled for February 24, have added another layer of gloom. And Sopa cannot help but feel these elections will not be free and fair.

She is not alone. A Chiang Mai-based former journalist laughs disdainfully when we chat about politics, saying: “If you want to talk about fairness in Thailand, it is not going to happen.”

Critics have pointed to the newly ratified 2017 Constitution, which is widely considered to strengthen the position of General Prayuth. For example, all 250 senators in the upper house will be nominated by a junta-appointed panel that he controls.

Moreover, six of the 10 seats on this panel are reserved for members of the security forces and police. Indeed, if the Senate decides that an elected government is unfit to rule, they may call a vote of no confidence.

The constitution also does not specify whether prime ministerial candidates need to be elected members of parliament. This means that a premier could emerge without the consent of the Thai parliament or more importantly, the people.

The deliberate rigging of the electoral system will undermine the credibility of these polls and any mandate secured by a potential “winner”.

A return to the political “normalcy” that ordinary Thais, such as Sopa, crave might not be coming any time soon – if at all.

General Prayuth needs to look south. This time last year, former Malaysian premier Najib Razak was likewise confronted with an increasingly restive population, a softening economy and hunger for a clean and transparent election.

The Barisan Nasional government pushed for administrative measures that hindered popular participation in the polls. This in turn sparked a wave of public distrust and anger. The rest is history.

In December, General Prayuth’s proposal to do away with party logos on ballot papers invited widespread public outcry. But the Election Commission later responded with a revised design that included party logos, names, and numbers.

So, after a five-year wait, the Thais are clearly desperate to exercise their democratic rights and Prayuth’s interventions are not going to stop them.

General Prayuth needs to realise that a genuine mandate cannot be “manufactured”.

Relying on the fear and apathy of ordinary Thais could well engender a massive popular backlash.